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變壓器的發展歷史

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變壓器的發展歷史

發布日期:2018-05-05 作者:江蘇鶴都電器有限公司 點擊:

法拉第在1831年8月29日發明了一個“電感環”,稱為“法拉第感應線圈”,實際上是世界上第一只變壓器雛形。但法拉第只是用它來示范電磁感應原理,并沒有考慮過它可以有實際的用途。
法拉第感應線圈 

1881年,路森·戈拉爾(Lucien Gaulard)和約翰·狄克遜·吉布斯(John Dixon Gibbs)在倫敦展示一種稱為“二次手發電機”的設備,然后把這項技術賣給了美國西屋公司, 這可能是第一個實用的電力變壓器,但并不是最早的變壓器。

1884年,路森·戈拉爾和約翰·狄克遜·吉布斯在采用電力照明的意大利都靈市展示了他們的設備。早期變壓器采用直線型鐵心,后來被更有效的環形鐵心取代。
西屋公司的工程師威廉·史坦雷從喬治·威斯汀豪斯、路森·戈拉爾與約翰·狄克遜·吉布斯買來變壓器專利以后,在1885年制造了第一臺實用的變壓器。后來變壓器的鐵心由E型的鐵片疊合而成,并于1886年開始商業運用。

變壓器變壓原理首先由法拉第發現,但是直到十九世紀80年代才開始實際應用。在發電場應該輸出直流電和交流電的競爭中,交流電能夠使用變壓器是其優勢之一。變壓器可以將電能轉換成高電壓低電流形式,然后再轉換回去,因此大大減小了電能在輸送過程中的損失,使得電能的經濟輸送距離達到更遠。如此一來,發電廠就可以建在遠離用電的地方。世界大多數電力經過一系列的變壓最終才到達用戶那里的。 


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